Mining in the State of Minnesota

The above graphic is courtesy of Economic Geology of Northeastern Minnesota. www.oedg.niu.edu

 

The Forum has tried to include all perspectives about mining and community issues on this web site.  However, we do not pretend to offer an exhaustive database of every source of information that is available.

The Forum will continue to expand and evolve this site as more information becomes available.  If you have more information or websites that you do not see here, please tell us.

Below are sites concerning mining in the state of Minnesota.

Area of Interest Web Source
Lakewide Management Plans (LaMP) The Lake Superior Binational Programs LaMP established goals and objectives for protecting and restoring the lake’s natural environment.Mining activities affects many parts of any ecosystem including chemical, air, habit protection, etc.  Click for specific chapters of LaMP.
Government Agencies Evironmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA – Technical Resource Document, Extraction and Beneficiation of Ores and Minerals – Iron
United States Geological Survey
US Fish and Wildlife Service
US Army Corps of Engineers
Mine Safety and Health Administration
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources – Digging into Minnesota’s Minerals
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources – Division of Lands & Minerals
Iron Range Resources & Rehabilitation Board
32nd Sale of State Metallic Minerals Leases – Bid Information Summary from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Division of Lands and Minerals Dated: April 28, 2011 Map of Areas
Native American Tribes Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Active Operating Mine Hibbing Mine- Hibbing Taconite Company aka Cliffs Mining Company

Cliffs Natural Resources Ownership Share: 23%
Mittal Steel USA Ownership Share: 62.3%
US Steel Canada Ownership Share: 14.7%
Eveleth Mine – United Taconite aka Cliffs Natural Resources* Processor located in Forbes MN – owned by Cliffs Natural Resources
Babbit Mine – Northshore Mining aka Cliffs Natural Resources* Processor located in Silver Bay – owned by Cliffs Natural Resources
Minorca Mine – Inland Steel Mining Co aka ArcelorMittal
Peter Mitchell Mine – Northshore Mining Co aka Cliffs Natural Resources
Keetac MineUnited States Steel Corp.
Minntac MineUnited States Steel Corp.
Mines Under Development PolyMet Mine - Polymet MiningGlencore International plc
Proposed Mining Sites
Nokomis DepositDuluth Metals Limited*Twin Metals Minnesota LLC (“Twin Metals”) is a joint venture company which is 60 percent owned by Duluth Metals and 40  percent by Antofagasta Plc: Duluth Metals has contributed the Nokomis Deposit and approximately 5,000 acres in the Duluth Complex for a 60% interest in the joint venture, with Antofagasta owning an initial 40% interest; Antofagasta holds the option to acquire an additional 25% of Nokomis from Duluth at an exercise price calculated on a formula based on a pro rata share of 1.0x Net Asset Value (NAV), which will be determined by a Bankable Feasibility Study. Source

Duluth ComplexDuluth Metals Limited

Birch Lake (copper/nickel/PGM)- Franconia Minerals Corp.
Maturi, Spruce Road and Birch LakeTwin Metals Minnesota
Exporatory Drilling Winterfire ProjectPrime Meridian Resources Corp.
Water Hen ProjectPrime Meridian Resources Corp.
Big Fork East & West, Linden Grove, Vermillion District 5 & Virginia Horn - Vermillion Gold LLC, Encampment Minerals Inc., Agate Lake Resources LLC
Longnose, TiTac South and TiTac NorthCardero Resource Corp.
Unknown Locations- Beaver Bay Inc.
Nonferrous Metallic Minerals Reports
Environmental Impacts Minnesota Department of Health study of mercury found in newborns in the Lake Superior Basin – June 2013
Mines Pollute Tens of Billions of Gallons of Water Per Year –   May 2013
Losing wetlands: The sinking of Minnesota’s protections  April 2013
Minnesota Public Radio examines whether the historical boom and bust of mining economies can really “save” the region’s economy. March 2013
Minnesota Public Radio takes a long look at the economic benefits—and costs—of what mining can and has done to Minnesota’s economy. March 2013
This SlideShare web site offers many slideshows about a diverse range of perspectives about mining in the U.S. and around the world. Sample topics include acid mine drainage mitigation, restoration of open pit mines, sulfide mining impacts on health, mining safety, etc. – 2012
Dunka Mine Remediation Process: January 2013
Dunka Pit Cleanup Process Examined: January 2013
We Need to Value our Children’s Health at Least as Much as Wild Rice: Editorial:  January 2013
July 2012: Digging Into the Promise of Copper – Some of the world’s most important metals lie below the forests of northeastern Minnesota. Mining could start within two or three years.  But some say risks to the state’s waters and wild places are too high.
April 2011: Acid Mine Drainage from 36-Year-Old Exploration Site Near Boundary Waters (article and photos)
Vermilion Community College in Ely offers an example of the form of acid mine drainage that can form from water runoff on exposed rocks containing sulfur
November 2012: 1,300 Acres of Wetlands Proposed for Destruction for Minnesota Mine Expansion
From Resource Curse to Blessing by Nation of Change Published:  August 2012
Unites States Steel Keetac Taconite Mine Expansion Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement prepared by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources in cooperation with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Dated: November 2010
Great Lakes United ~ Mining on Lake Superior:  Past, Present and Future A discussion with Brennain Lloyd of Northwatch and Mike Ripley of the Chippewa/Ottawa Resource Authority Presented:  November 2011
PolyMet Mining Inc./NorthMet Project – Draft Environmental Impact Statement(EIS) prepared by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources and the US Army Corps of Engineers View Summary
Acid Mine Drainage and Effects on Fish Health and Ecology: A Review for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage Fish and Wildlife Field Office, prepared by: Reclamation Research Group, LLC dated: June 2008
What Are Tailings? – Their Nature and Production
Acid Mine Drainage from the Environmental Protection Agency
Berndt 2012 MeHg&DOC Relation in Sulfate Mining Watershed – A Research Paper from MN DNR
Glencore Increases Ownership of PolyMet Mine Proposal – Company’s History is Cause for Concern from Mining Truth
Socio-Economical Impacts Univ of Wisconsin-Extension offers a series of factsheets about frac sand mining and mining in general. Feb 2013
Economic Analysis for Minnesota’s Mining Workforce by Positively Minnesota, the Department of Employment and Economic Development – February 2011
Mining Hasn’t Been an Economic Panacea in Minnesota – February 2013
Cliffs Natural Resources Stops Production at Two Iron Ore Mines Facilities in Minnesota and Michigan, Affecting 625 Jobs – January 5, 2013
The ANNUAL REPORT of the INSPECTOR OF MINES for St. Louis County, Minnesota, by Barry Lesar, Inspector of Mines. Year: 2011
The Economic Role of Metal Mining in Minnesota: Past, Present, and Future -A report prepared for Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy and the Sierra Club, 2007
Can Private Property Rights be Usurped Under Eminent Domain for Mining Purposes in Minnesota? – June 2012
From Resource Curse to Blessing by Joseph E. Stiglitz, Aug 2012
  The Economoic Role of Metal Mining in Minnesota:  Past, Present & Future A report prepared for Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy and the Sierra Club by Thomas Michael Power, University of Montana Dated: October 2007
Mining Tax Study Leads to Recommendation for Tax Relief, Preservation of Aid Distribution from the Minnesota Taxpayers Association
Minnesota Mining Tax Guide from the Minnesota Department of Revenue
Final Economic Analysis – Mining Operations from US Fish & Wildlife Service Dated: October 2006
Minnesota House Research – Mining Taxes by Joel Michael Updated: January 2012
Minnesota Iron Mining-Our Communities, State and Nation Depend on It from the Iron Mining Association of Minnesota
Agency Changes with the Times from the Iron Range Resources and Rehabilitation Board
Minnesota Iron Mining – Our Communities, State and Nation Depend on It from the Iron Mining Association of Minnesota
The Economic Impact of Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Mining on the State of Minnesota, the Arrowhead Region and Douglas County, WI prepared by Bureau of Business and Economic Research-Labovitz School of Business and Economics, University of Minnesota Duluth Dated: March 2009
A More Holistic Economic Evaluation of Mining: Considering Costs and Benefits by Thomas Power, University of Montana, Missoula, MT
Abandoned Mines Hold Potential to Capture Wind Energy from University of Minnesota Duluth’s Natural Resources Research Institute
Reinventing the Ferrous Wheel from University of Minnesota Duluth’s Natural Resources Research Institute
The differences between Minnesota and Wisconsin iron mines, produced by Northland News Center TV News, Minnesota. July 2013: News video
Human Health Impacts Minnesota Department of Health study of mercury found in newborns in the Lake Superior Basin – June 2013
Health Assessment of Taconite Workers – The University of Minnesota is leading a comprehensive $4.9 million research initiative, funded by the State of Minnesota, which will lead to a greater understanding of taconite worker health issues on Minnesota’s Iron Range.
Mercury in the Environment – USGS Factsheet
Michigan State University and the Michigan Department of Energy’s 2009 Annual Report on Silicosis in Michigan – Published February 2011
Minnesota Taconite Workers Health Study from University of Minnesota
The Origins of Public Concern with Taconite and Human Health: Reserve Mining and the Asbestos Case from National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health
Resisting Resource Colonialism in the Lake Superior Region by Al Gedicks, September 2011
Hard Rock Mining:  Risks to Community Health by Aime Bualanger and Alexandra Gorman Dated:  September 2004
Citizen Response & Groups Headwaters
Save Our Sky Blue Waters
Save Lake Superior Association – Sulfide Mining Fact Sheets
Friends of the Boundary Waters
Ely Minnesota Cu Ni Sulfide Mining in Northeastern Minnesota
Protect Our Manoomin
Resolution on Sulfide Mining in Minnesota
Friends of the Cloquet Valley State Forest
WaterLegacy
Mining Truth
Precious Waters Flotilla
Precious Waters
Mining Associations Mining MinnesotaKey Mining Companies in MN
Iron Mining Association (IMA) of Minnesota
Geology USGS Mining Initiative
Minnesota Geological Survey
USGS/Tribal Mining Workshop – TESNAR 2011
Minnesota Center for Mineral Resource Education
Maps Mesabi Range Mine & Borehole Locations
Mines, Mineral Exploration and Mineral Leasing in the Lake Superior Watershed
 GLIFWC – Mining in the Ceded Territories
Duluth Complex Maps from Protect Our Manoomin
Twin Metals Minnesota Project” near the Iron Range (Babbit)
Mining History Minnesota Mining History
Iron Range Research Center
Minnesota Museum of Mining
Would the Real Iron Man please stand up? By Aaron J. Brown April 30 2012
  Events Midwest Mining Initiative/TESNAR 2011
Additional Resources and Presentations The ANNUAL REPORT of the INSPECTOR OF MINES for St. Louis County, Minnesota, by Barry Lesar, Inspector of Mines. Year: 2011
Final Sulfide Mining Regulation in the Great Lakes Region by the National Wildlife Federation, Great Lakes Regional Resource Center – March 2012

Mining on Lake Superior: Past, Present and Future by Brennain Lloyd of Northwatch and Mike Ripley of the Chippewa/Ottawa Resource Authority

Duluth Metals Nickel Projects in Minnesota
Americas Nickel Conference Presented:  November 1, 2011

The Lake Superior Iron Ranges:  Geology and Mining
USGS TESNAR 2011 Meeting, Presented: May 2011

Minnesota Metallic Mineral Exploration
John Engesser, P.E. – Assistant Director, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Division of Lands and Minerals – Presented May 25, 2011

Geology and Mineral Resources of the Central Mesabi Range from Minnesota Center for Mineral Resource Education

2011 Minnesota Minerals Education Workshop from Minnesota Center for Mineral Resource Education

In the News
This Week in Mining – Weekly Update on WDIO.com
November 2012: 1,300 Acres of Wetlands Proposed for Destruction for Minnesota Mine Expansion
Forum reflects on the impact of mining in the Lake Superior watershed – April 12, 2012
Magnetation kills plans for Minn. tac plant – Jun 11, 2012
New Statewide Initiative Asks if Sulfide Mining is Right for Minnesota – May 23, 2012
Cliffs Will Pay Fine, Fix Northshore Dust Problem – Feb 10, 2012
Residents Still Concerned as Essar Plans to Ramp Up – Feb 9, 2012
Cardero Confirms Titanium Deposits North of Duluth Feb 8, 2012
Dust from Magnetation Draws Resident Concern Feb 6, 2012
What the Mining Debate is Missing Jan 3, 2012
Clean Water AND Jobs Dec 30, 2011
Mining Controversy in Wisconsin Puts Spotlight on Minnesota Taconite Oct 17, 2011
Landowners Fight State Over Lease of Mineral Rights

Oct 5, 2011
 Risking life in the Mongolian gold rush – 18 August 2012
PolyMet Sulfate Treatment –  article from Duluth News Tribune, October 10 2012
Cliffs fined $240K for Improper Practices from Duluth News Tribune, October 30 2012
Tapping old mines for heat may create new energy source – Nov 6 2012
Glencore ups it Stake in Controversial PolyMet Mine – Dec 1 2011
Glencore Increases Stake in PolyMet Proposal – Oct 19 2012
Should regulators judge PolyMet on Glencore’s record? – Mar 2 2011
Minnesota Mining Database
Legal Persective The State Bar of Wisconsin held a public symposium on August 28, 2013, in Wausau on mining in Wisconsin in an effort to help the public decipher Wisconsin’s new mining plans. A panel of lawyers discussed the Penokee Range Mining Proposal from Gogebic Taconite and mining laws in Michigan. – August 2013 Click to View

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